– WHAT THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION OVERTHREW: BRITISH IMPERIAL GENOCIDE IN INDIA –

The contrast between the course of developments that
unfolded between 1765 and 1945 in the United States — which
conducted a successful revolution against the British Empire —
and India — which was unable to do so, could not be more
striking.  The British East India Company’s subjugation of Bengal
in 1765, ushered in an age of genocide that was unparalleled in
human history, for the next 135 years.  The British Empire
murderous policies unleashed a famine in 1770 that killed 10
million in Bengal, fully one-third of the population at that
time!  In subsequent years famines claimed 11 million lives in
1783, 11 million more in 1791, 1 million more in 1837, 2 million
in 1860, 1 million in 1865, 1.5 million in 1868,  5.5 million in
1876, 5 million in 1896, and 1 million more in 1899.  By 1900,
British Empire policies had claimed over 49 million lives in
India, while the United States remained famine free, as it
developed into the greatest agro-industrial giant in the world.
The first famine (1770) and the last famine (1943) under
British rule are perhaps the most instructive and revealing.  In
the 1765 Treaty of Allahabad, the British East India Company was
granted the right to collect the {diwani} (peasants’ tribute)
that was formerly held by the Mughal Emperor of the region, Shah
Alam II.  The area from which the East India Company was
extracting tribute was enormous — roughly 650,000 square
kilometers, or an area roughly eight times the size of Great
Britain.  Nor was this just any area — it was “the paradise of
the earth,” according to its conqueror, General Clive.
Whereas prior to 1764, the tribute paid to the Mughal
Emperor had been approximately 10-15% of the agricultural produce
of the peasants, the East India Company raised the rate to
40-50%!  Moreover, they insisted that this increased levy
continued to be termed tribute, rather than a tax, because they
wanted the peasants to believe that the “tribute” was still
going to the Mughal Emperor, which, of course, it was not.
As Baron General Clive, the top East India Company
representative in India said in a letter to the Board of
Directors, upon his departure in 1767:
“We are sensible that, since the acquisition of the
{diwani}, the power formerly belonging to the [Mughal Emperor] of
those provinces is totally, in fact, vested in the East India
Company. Nothing remains to him but the name and shadow of
authority. This name, however, this shadow, it is indispensably
necessary we should seem to venerate.”
So, in order to foster the illusion of a power sharing
arrangement with the Emperor Shah Alam, the East India Company
kept him living in the lap of luxury, under virtual house arrest
at his lavish palace.
What, one might ask, is the difference between this
arrangement of 1765, and today’s accommodations between the
allegedly sovereign governments of Europe, and the dictates of
the Globally Systemic Important Financial Institutions (G-SIFI)
that we have already witnessed in Cyprus, and elsewhere?
Not only did the East India Company increase the tribute
rate fivefold, but they also insisted that the tribute be paid in
cash, not produce or farm products.  The Company also had edicts
issued that outlawed the hoarding of rice and other staples.
This meant that the peasants had to dump their goods on a
British-controlled market, and that they had no staple reserves,
in the event of a crop failure, or bad weather.
Furthermore, the East India Company made the growth of cash
crops like indigo and cotton compulsory, wherever possible.
So, the combination of a partial crop failure in 1768, and
the abrupt halt to September rains in 1769, produced famine
conditions that ravaged a population that had been robbed of its
reserves by the British East India Company.  Genocide — 10
million dead — was the obviously (foreseeable) genocidal result.
The response of the East India Company?  It raised the
tribute (tax) rate on agricultural land to 60%!

– The Indian Roots of the Boston Tea Party –

As these horrific events unfolded in 1770, the American
colonial press reported on them, and they became part of the
discussion and debate process that led to the Declaration of
Independence. In fact, the British Empire’s genocidal conduct in
India played a central causal role in the events leading into the
December 1773 Boston Tea Party.  The British Crown had granted
the East India Company certain financial privileges with regard
to the importation of tea into America, in order to aid it in
recovering some of the revenue it had lost during the period of
the Indian Famine that it had created.
American patriots of that era were well aware of the
murderous character of the British Empire and East India Company.
This statement from Rusticus, in “The Alarm,” a colonial
American “Broadside” published in 1773, is unambiguous on the
genocidal nature of the threat:
“Are we in like Manner to be given up to the Disposal of
the East India Company, who have now the Assurance, to step forth
in Aid of the Minister, to execute his Plan, of enslaving
America?  Their Conduct in Asia for some Years past, has given
simple Proof, how little they regard the Laws of Nations, the
Rights, Liberties or Lives of Men.  They have levied War, excited
Rebellions, dethroned lawful Princes, and sacrificed Millions for
the Sake of Gain.  The Revenue of Mighty Kingdoms have centered
in their Coffers.  And these not being sufficient to glut their
Avarice, they have, by the most unparalleled Barbarities,
Extortions, and Monopolies, stripped the miserable Inhabitants of
their Property, and reduce whole Provinces to Indigence and Ruin.
Fifteen hundred Thousands, it is said, perished by Famine in one
Year, not because the Earth denied its Fruits; but [because] this
Company and their Servants engulfed all the Necessaries of Life,
and set them so high at a Rate that the poor could not purchase
them.  Thus having drained the Sources of the immense
Wealth…they now, it seems, cast their Eyes on America, as a new
Theatre, whereon to exercise their Talents.”
Rusticus ended one of his 1773 pamphlets with the following
admonition:
“I shall therefore conclude with a proposal that your
watchmen be instructed as they go on their rounds, to call out
every night at half-past twelve, “Beware of the East
India Company.”
Today’s Americans, let alone “Tea Party” activists, should
be so well-informed.
It is otherwise noteworthy and lawful that, General
Cornwallis, the British commander defeated by George Washington
at Yorktown in 1781, was dispatched by the crown to become
Governor-General of India in 1786.

– Churchill and Genocide –

In 1943, three million Indians were killed in Bengal, as
famine ravaged the region once again.  The trigger, on this
occasion, was the Japanese occupation of Burma.  They cut off all
shipments of rice from Burma to Bengal, which had been the key to
food supply stability before World War II.
What Churchill did, was everything in his power to prevent
food relief from reaching Bengal!  His only response to a
telegram from the government in Delhi about people dying in the
famine, was to inquire why Gandhi hadn’t died yet.  “I hate
Indians,” he said to Leopold Avery, Secretary of State for
India. “They are a beastly people with a beastly religion.”  He
told a war-cabinet meeting, that the famine was their own fault,
“for breeding like rabbits.”  Churchill refused to accept
offers of Canadian and American food aid to India.  India was not
permitted to use its own sterling reserves, or its own ships to
import food.  As a true leader of the British Empire, he was
aiding and abetting the mass murder of millions of people.
That same year at the Tehran Conference, President Roosevelt
told Churchill in no uncertain terms, that the U.S. intended to
work to dismantle the British Empire after the war, and that the
war had not been waged for the sake of its perpetuation.
The fact that he personally contributed mightily to the
deaths of three million Indians in the famine of 1943, did not
stop Churchill from proclaiming in his 1950 six volume book The
Second World War: the Hinge of Fate, that:
“No great portion of the world population was so
effectively protected from the horrors and perils of the World
War as were the peoples of Hindustan (India)… they were carried
through the struggle on the shoulders of our small island.” (!)
Perhaps Churchill felt that the magnitude of his crime,
matched only by the dimension of his lies, qualified him for
membership in the British or Dutch royal families, or both.

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