Schiller Institute 30th Anniversary Conference, Frankfurt: The New Silk Road and China’s Lunar Program: Mankind Is the Only Creative Species!

Schiller Institute 30th Anniversary Conference, Frankfurt: The New Silk Road and China’s Lunar Program: Mankind Is the Only Creative Species!
October 20, 2014 • 9:32AM

Declaration of the Conference of the Schiller Institute

The following declaration was read by Schiller Institute President Helga Zepp-LaRouche, Oct. 19, 2014 and has been transcribed from the audio file.

Mankind experiences presently a deep civilizational crisis, where the foundations of society in many parts of the world have eroded, and established codes of international relations have broken down. On top of this, we are faced with mortal dangers, each of which could lead to the potential extinction of the human species.

  • There is first the Ebola pandemic, which is already out of control in Africa, for which there is no cure, and which is threatening to become more threatening than the Black Death of the 14th century.
  • There is second, the terrorist threat for the whole world, and genocide spreading from the so-called IS Caliphate, not only demonstrating a subhuman barbarism, but explicitly threatening Russia and China, and therefore, becoming the potential trigger to blow up all of Southwest Asia and even leading to a new world war.
  • And there is third, the absolute certainty that the completely bankrupt trans-Atlantic financial system is about to blow up, threatening also to throw much of the world into a Dark Age.

In light of these three mortal dangers, it is a question of life and death of humanity to stop the immoral and imbecilic policies of geopolitics and confrontation against Russia and China. Instead, we have to shift the agenda to the common aims of mankind, and work together with Russia, China, India, and other nations, to defeat these mortal threats.

We call on all forces of reason in Europe and the United States, to join the emerging new economic order of the BRICS and the New Silk Road. Let’s work to establish an inclusive peace order, with the participation of every nation on the planet, a peace order for the 21st century, worthy of mankind as the only known creative species in the universe. Let us grow up into the adult age of humanity, where love, creativity, and beauty define the values of our common human family.

Panel Presentations Summary

Helga Zepp-LaRouche, founder of the Schiller Institute
A New Era for Mankind

Opening the conference with greetings from Lyndon H. LaRouche, Helga Zepp-LaRouche then warned that mankind is threatened by the worst genocide in its entire history, caused — if not stopped — by three mortal dangers posed at the same time: (1) the IS terrorism that can blow up the entire Southwest Asia region and lead to World War III; (2) the rapid spreading of the Ebola disease into a pandemic of global scope; and (3) a new financial crash much worse than in 2008. None of these is inevitable, they’re manmade and can therefore be remedied by man.

LaRouche warned against this development in his 1999 film Storm Over Asia, exposing the New Great Game against Russia and China; the “Islamic Card” which is instrumental in that game now, goes back to the 1975 Trilateral Commission meeting in Kyoto, the “regime change” policy has been added, these policies put into practice under the Blair Doctrine in Iraq 2003, then in Libya, Syria, Ukraine. The Islamic State (IS) commander, actually a Chechen, declared that Putin is the ultimate target of this terrorist movement, and the Right Sector in Ukraine is working in the same direction. On July 4th this year, the IS proclaimed the “New Caliphate,” extending as far as to Xinjiang, China. The publication in the U.S. of the 28-page chapter of the Joint Congress Inquiry into 9/11, would expose the channels of financing and coordination of this terror movement, the remarks that Joe Biden and Bob Graham made on Oct. 9 have addressed that.

The situation can and will be changed by the BRICS and the nations that associate themselves with it, establishing a Treaty of Westphalia paradigm as opposed to the Blair Doctrine of new global warfare under the pretext of so-called “humanitarian intervention.” The BRICS paradigm is the priority of peace and respect of the other, the common aims of mankind, will replace geopolitics. Chinese President Xi Jinping has stressed that there cannot be security in the world if some nations have peace and others haven’t.

As for the Ebola threat, the mortality rate in parts of West Africa is 70-80%, its exponential growth of up to 20,000 new cases in a single week will lead to 1.5 million infected humans by January 2015, and to just give some aspirin to the patients won’t save their lives. LaRouche warned in 1972 already against the biological consequences of the IMF policies, and these policies were proclaimed in 1974 the National Security Study Memorandum-200 (NSSM-200) doctrine of Henry Kissinger stating that population growth was a strategic threat because too many humans would absorb all the raw materials, there are remarks in the same evil spirit by Prince Philip and Bertrand Russell. The CDC warned in 2008 against the genocidal consequences of the health budget cuts, and today we indeed see the medical personnel of nations completely unprepared for dealing with crises like Ebola. The EU-ECB-IMF Troika budget-cutting policies have had disastrous consequences in Spain, Greece, Portugal. What must be done immediately to fight Ebola is the deployment of hospital ships of the navies of the world, the transformation of buildings in West Africa into level 4 hospitals, and cooperation of the transatlantic nations with the BRICS. We need a health crash program, not the profiteers of the pharmaceutical industry.

As for the new global financial crash, it was forecast by LaRouche already on Aug. 15, 1971, and addressed by the new UN envoy Jean Ziegler a few days ago when he said the present financial system is cannibalistic, the worst elements of it being the vulture funds. The TBTF banks are in worse shape than in 2008—and the three said crises converging on us at the same time are threatening all of us.

The alternative is however already in preparation, taking up the earlier impulse of the Non-Aligned Movement with the BRICS, with the announcement of the New Silk Road policy by Xi Jinping in 2013, the Fortaleza, Brazil summit and related diplomacy in July 2014. The new policy is not a new geopolicy, it is principles of a new credit system excluding speculation, with the three new institutions Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, New Development Bank, Shanghai Cooperation Bank. New great projects, resembling China’s Three Gorges Dam, have been put on the agenda, canal and railroad projects, nuclear power and space projects, there is the spirit of a real renaissance in the BRICS, diametrically opposed to the pessimist view of the trans-Atlantic world.

We can see this new diplomacy working on a new level, for instance in the remarks that Xi Jinping recently made in India, where he called on the people to absorb the ancient wisdom of China and India and build a new wisdom of the future, always viewing the other’s success one’s own success. We must highlight the highest levels of culture in each nation, Confucius and Mencius, the Vedic writings, the Tagore-Einstein dialogue, Pushkin and Vernadsky, Plato, Da Vinci, Cervantes, Rabelais, Cusanus, Kepler, Leibniz, Schiller, Beethoven—we need, as Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi said just recently, a new mass movement for development. Look at the world two generations ahead of us, prevent a New Dark Age through policies driven by a positive vision of the future, with raw materials security for all of mankind, with the expansion to the Moon, the Solar System and the universe as a whole, we have to elevate mankind with the New Silk Road principles, a Promethean design for the future.

Helga Zepp-LaRouche concluded by showing a clip on the Chinese Chang’e-3 lunar mission with the Yutu rover and Classical music in the background, and — to the applause of the conference’s audience — the recently published world map drawn by China which shows Eurasia and America touching hands similar to the depiction in the famous painting showing God touching hands with Adam.

An overflow audience of 350 people attended the two-day conference, with representatives and speakers participating from Germany, France, Italy, Greece, Russia, Ukraine, China, the United States, Iran, India, Serbia, and a number of African states.

Panel 1:

The Future of Europe — Trans-Atlantic Collapse or Alliance of Sovereign Republics?

Col. Alain Corvez.(ret.), former advisor to the General-in- Command of UNIFIL (UN Interim Forces in Lebanon), from Paris
“Common Security Interests in Eurasia.”

Col. Corvez began with quotes from the speech of Iranian President Rouhani at the UN General Assembly calling for moderation. He called for the banning of such statements like “military options are on the table.” Corvez instead stressed: “The world is multipolar.” “All governments whose power comes out of the ballot box are legitimate.”

Concerning the Obama alliance against ISIS he said: “The states that created terrorism are not the best to fight it.” After supporting the striving of the new Iraqi government “to recognize all parties in the nation and that the legitimate claims of all minorities are taken into account for Iraqi unity,” Corvez said about Syria:

“Syria must be assisted in this fight, instead of the absurd idea of assisting the moderates. We must stop talking about dictatorship. The new constitution of Syria from two years ago is totally democratic. … The government is the last bastion against the barbaric IS.”

Corvez warned against belief that any shield could protect against nuclear weapons and ensure superiority. “The statue of Liberty belongs to all nations, not only those with superior power.”

He ended with quotes from the great French President Charles de Gaulle, who kept France out of any bloc even at a time when it was even more difficult to leave NATO: “We French, with a common economic zone on five continents, should see ourselves as world citizens,” as de Gaulle said polemically turning around colonialism totally. To young people in Mexico, in 1964, de Gaulle also said: “In fact distances are becoming shorter. The fact that will dominate the universe, in humanity of men is help to all countries who want development.”

Ray McGovern, Veteran Intelligence Professionals for Sanity
How long will the “sovereign republics” of Europe keep dancing to Washington’s tune?

Ray McGovern opened his speech with a tribute to the Haydn oratorio The Creation [Die Schöpfung] on the new world that introduced the morning panel. He said that the section right before that, is very moving. Then he sang it: “And God spoke: Let there light.” McGovern took on the danger of fascism in Europe and the U.S., pointing to the fact that both the Treaty of Westphalia and the Magna Carta had been thrown out, which means “that it has gotten pretty bad.” He had the clips of Michael Hayden giving testimony as an example of “fascism impersonated.” “We have the foxes guarding the chickens.”

In an answer to a question, McGovern pointed to “the American military-industrial-media-Congress complex, which is pretty close to fascism.”

The main focus of his presentation was his appeal for action, “not just speaking out.” “Take your body to it,” he said and pointed to the advantage, also that the gray-haired section of the audience had, that “people don’t like old people beaten up,” using the example of the storm of protest letters caused by the news that he himself had “been beaten up when standing up” against Hillary Clinton. McGovern hailed the role models of Sophie Scholl, youthful civil rights protester in Nazi Germany and Edward Snowden of the young generation of today.

A militant from Solidarité et Progrès who hails from Argentina thanked Helga for “inspiring our President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner to fight the vulture funds and defend sovereignty, which I am proud of.”

Panel 2

“The Future of Europe — Trans-Atlantic Collapse or Alliance of Sovereign Republics?”

The presentations in the second panel of Oct. 18th added a higher sense of detail and reality to the BRICS-orientation of development.

Professor Dieter Ameling, German steel expert

Professor Ameling discussed the irreplaceable, essential nature of steel as a fundamental necessity for all manufacturing and construction, with shocking graphs showing the astonishing increase in China’s production of steel, cement, coke, etc., contrasted with the decreases in income from production in the trans-Atlantic nations (with Germany holding somewhat steady). We learned of different kinds of steel and the infrastructure required to produce and use it.

Panos Kammenos, Independent Greeks Party

Kammenos discussed the role he foresaw for Greece, as an important economic player in a New Silk Road economic belt. Focus was placed on the many opportunities that Greek shipping and ports could benefit from, from increased trade across the region. Kammenos painted a picture of the many troubles afflicting Greece, and the solutions he is promoting, including development projects, debt restructuring, a financial transaction tax, and the separation of commercial and investment banks.

Professor Enzo Siviero

Spoke about building bridges, both figuratively and literally. Going back to Da Vinci’s plans for bridging the Bosphorus, Siviero presented us with a connected ring of bridges: Gibraltar, Bosporus, Suez, and put particular focus on the proposed Messina and Tunisia bridges from Italy. By thinking ahead generations, we can use these bridges not only to move things, but to meet other people “who you may find to be yourself in another light.”

Panel 3

Jacques Cheminade, President of the Solidarité et Progrès party in France; former French Presidential candidate, 2012
Europe’s Identity: The Advantage of the Other

Beethoven’s opera Fidelio, which we heard last night, does not have a tragic ending. It is happy because it shows that if we mobilize our courage, we can overcome our destiny. Leonora saved her husband for all of humanity. It was a question of life and death, like our movement is today — to say the truth and fight for it.

Europe is a dying species, based on the disadvantage of the other, a policy coming from the City of London. We have to free Europe from the financial sharks and the cultural pessimists.

The BRICS are a concert of nations based on mutual interest, and creating a better future. Development can only occur through mutual cooperation based on human creativity, as reflected in the similarity of this conference panel to an orchestra.

The crises in Southwest Asia and Ebola are spreading to Europe. Ebola does not stop at borders. It is spreading due to austerity policies. It will reach most of us, if nothing were done to stop it.

This paradigm is ruled by a Malthusian European oligarchy, centered in the City of London. This has to be changed. There are three factors: financial liberalism, free trade, and the destruction of nation-states.

Today’s EU stems from the American Committee for a United Europe, from British ideas, promulgated by Allen Dulles and Churchill’s son-in-law. They were the enemies of de Gaulle. The Congress for Cultural Freedom (CCF) prepared the cultural ground.

Today, the press are character assassins. A Nobel Prize was given to a French economist who believes that there can be no systemic crisis. I call it Mutually Assured Delusion (MAD). We have to decide to flush the idiocy of geopolitics, and monetarist constipation.

The Renaissance created the basis for the success of Europe after the Black Death. Man wielded the weapon of self-consciousness of his own creativity. But an oligarchy greedy for power and possession took over. The U.S. and Europe must recover the founding principles of the US Constitution and the Peace of Westphalia.

We must look to those who have better kept our principles — the BRICS. The BRICS was created against our mistakes and crimes. We have to free ourselves from the influence of the British oligarchy in U.S. and European countries. We have to mobilize for the future of humanity beyond Europe itself, and both prevent horrible things, and make positive new things happen.

Jacques related the achievements of an African from Ghana who was highly educated in Germany in the 1700s, and another African who was a forefather of Pushkin. These are examples of the advantage of other.

Europe, as it is, has no future but death. Nation-states have to be changed so they may function like instruments in an orchestra.

We have to stop the confrontation against Russia, China, and Iran.

We have to have a credit and technology policy to build the infrastructure of world peace — the New Silk Road. Make your identity improving the future. It is in our hands. This is our mission.

Saeed Khatibzadeh, Institute of Political and International Studies (IPIS, Iran); Head of IPIS Regional Office Berlin
The World Against Violence and Extremism: The Middle East in Transition

We need international cooperation in the Middle East. Iran has 15 neighbor countries. But it is now sandwiched between one Obama country and another Obama country. Iran has a special geo-economic location, and connects the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf. It lies on the main oil and gas line.

But it is also a country of poets, like Hafez, who wrote the East-West Divan. It lies in the center of Persian civilization, but, also, a volatile political situation.

He showed a video of his imagination of his country and region, represented by beautiful nature and architecture.

But the bitter reality is the tragedy of Palestine, Syria, Iraq, etc. and extremism and the violence of IS. Why?

The main questions are:

What are the root causes of instability?

The consequences for the world?

What should we do to bring back stability and development?

The Middle East lies on the crossroads of many religions and civilizations. The Abrahamic religions are based on peace, but the British divide and rule strategy continues. There is expansionist Zionist, not Jewish, ideology.

There is Western support for extremist ideologies, and a misuse of the Arab Spring. Saudi Arabia is exporting instability to Syria. Turkey has new Ottoman Empire tendencies. The West has ignored the mistakes of Afghanistan. There is an illusion of good terrorism (against Assad) and bad terrorism, yet the fight against IS can’t be won by defeating their biggest opponent — the Assad government.

The root problem is the marginalization of the population in the region by the West.

IS (Islamic State) is neither Islamic nor a state, but a terrorist group financed by Saudi Arabia, Qatar, etc. Israel is giving training support. They grew in Syria because of political vacuum due to the war against Assad.

When the IS fighters come back to Europe, they will continue their terror.

What can we do?

Embrace President Hassan Rouhani’s initiative against violence and extremism. Build regional cooperation like the New Silk Road, and reverse the backwardness and lack of development. Ensure the rights and dignity of all people in region, from Palestine to Syria.

Bring the U.S. capital back from London to Washington.

Antonino Galloni, economist
Enrico Mattei’s Policy as a Universal Model for North-South, East-West Relations

We need a different concept of political economy, and we can learn from Enrico Mattei, the visionary Italian economic leader. During the war, the only energy sources the Fascists had developed were hydroelectric. The hydrocarbon countries lost the war, and the nuclear challenge had just started. The government created AGIP. In 1945, Mattei was given task to liquidate AGIP.

But then, hydrocarbons were discovered in the Po region of Italy. Mattei took leadership. He dared to use the political support and international friendship of the Soviet Union and the Arab countries, ensuring the energy supply that made an economic miracle possible. Mattei’s policy was based on sharing the oil revenues with the producing countries. Before that, the U.S. Seven Sister oil companies had paid a poor price. Mattei gave the countries 75% of the revenues.

He took sides, and made a contract with the future independent state of Algeria. He was threatened by French intelligence, and his plane was sabotaged, as was later proved, and he was killed on Oct. 27, 1962, when the plane crashed.

Mattei pursued a policy of broad vertical integration — from exploration to the gas pump. He concluded contracts with Russia, China, and countries from all continents. Training local personnel was important to him.

He saw expansion as the fundament of economic development, especially state-owned companies, where investment was not dependent on gaining profit, reducing the role of the shareholders.

Today, in the name of financial profit, we have caused a cultural and economic downturn. Mattei knew the importance of nuclear energy.

If alive today, he would have oriented toward the BRICS, and world have promoted the development of civilization and general welfare, against austerity. Among the solutions Galloni called for were Glass-Steagall, and a dialogue of cultures.

Asst. Prof. Milena Nikolic, Higher Education Institute for Applied Studies, Belgrade, Serbia
The Danube, Morava-Vardar-Axios-Aegean Waterway and the Silk Road Economic Belt

Her father had been the head of planning for this project, which was revived after 100 years. This project is important because of geographic characteristics, and the strategic importance of connecting Northern, Western and Central Europe with the Mediterranean.

She discussed the historical background of the project. The navigation of Morava River can be traced back to 1841. There were also plans to also develop mining exploration and railroad projects.

In 1904, a proposal was made to link the Danube with the Aegean Sea, as a belt of economic development.

The presentation was continued by Dragan Duncic, from the Republic Agency for Spatial Planning, Belgrade, on recent activities.

The Morava-Vardar/Axios waterway project was revived in 2013, after the Chinese Gezhouba Group made a proposal to the Serbian government. The plan includes: flood protection, irrigation, water supply for cities, hydro-power, tourism, measures to prevent negative demographic, and environment protection.

He described the technical characteristics of the canal, and showed a movie of the proposed project.

This will become the best route from Belgrade to Thessaloniki.

Panel 4

Jason Ross Presentation (as written),
A Promethean Approach to Developing New Forms of Fire: Lunar Helium-3 for a Fusion-Powered Mankind

Good morning. I’m very happy to have been invited to participate in this important conference, and that we can spend this time together.

By way of introduction, my name is Jason Ross, and I work in the United States with Lyndon LaRouche’s scientific research team, known as “the Basement.” The Basement has been working with LaRouche for nearly a decade, and its role has changed over the years. Initially created as an addition to work on economic animations, the Basement was tasked with animating the most essential feature of economy: the discoveries that drive it forwards. A “narrow path” of discoveries was focused on, from Kepler, to Gauss, to Riemann. After this work on scientific practice itself, LaRouche has assigned the Basement projects on scientific and economic policy, from space exploration to large-scale infrastructure, from planetary defense to fusion, from metaphor to well-tempered musical tuning.

Mr. LaRouche’s most recent assignment to us has been to develop mankind as the measure of the universe, by a fuller understanding of creativity as a force of nature, from the standpoint of the Russian-Ukrainian scientist Vladimir Vernadsky. Does discovery reveal things already existing in nature— principles, laws of physics and the like? Better: is the substance of discovery itself part of the fabric of nature? Is it not a natural phenomenon? Can a worldview be considered complete, that does not include this process of change as a fundamental, substantial part of nature? I’ll have more to say on that throughout.

The topic I’ll be speaking on is “A Promethean Approach to Developing New Forms of Fire: Lunar Helium-3 for a Fusion-Powered Mankind.” I will use the specific, and necessary, prospect of developing fusion power, and exploiting the most useful fuel for this endeavor, helium-3, to express the truest identify of the human individual: a creative, Promethean identity. Among life, it is only human beings that willfully change their mode of existence from one generation to the next, and this is done uniquely by discovering and implementing new principles.

Although this is the natural condition of man, it is not always put into practice. Today, we see the BRICS nations developing in a very positive direction (as we discussed yesterday) while the British Empire seeks to derail and prevent such policies. This is oligarchism.

The ancient story of Prometheus is the most compact statement of the fight between humanism and oligarchy. Aeschylus tells this history in his play Prometheus Bound. After Zeus, the chief of the Olympian gods, denied mankind the use of fire, Prometheus brought fire down from heaven (the oligarchy) and gave it to humanity. For this he was punished by Zeus with the torment of being bound to a rock high in the mountains, to have an eagle (symbol of Zeus) eat out his organs every day. Yet Prometheus knew that he was the victor, and that Zeus could not take away his dignity, or the nobility of his good deeds. This use of fire created the human race: this was the first technology, setting us apart from all animals. Prometheus describes the state of humanity before he gave us knowledge:

“First of all, though they had eyes to see, they saw to no avail; they had ears, but they did not understand; but, just as shapes in dreams, throughout their length of days, without purpose they wrought all things in confusion. They had neither knowledge of houses built of bricks and turned to face the sun, nor yet of work in wood; but dwelt beneath the ground like swarming ants, in sunless caves. They had no sign either of winter or of flowery spring or of fruitful summer, on which they could depend but managed everything without judgment, until I taught them to discern the risings of the stars and their settings, which are difficult to distinguish.

“Yes, and numbers, too, chiefest of sciences, I invented for them, and the combining of letters, creative mother of the Muses’ arts, with which to hold all things in memory. I, too, first brought brute beasts beneath the yoke to be subject to the collar and the pack-saddle, so that they might bear in men’s stead their heaviest burdens; and to the chariot I harnessed horses and made them obedient to the rein.”

Think of all these changes — the calendar to know when to plant crops, dwellings for health, animal to help with manual labor, wheeled vehicles pulled by animals, music, numbers, and UNDERSTANDING. Think of this condition: “though they had eyes to see, they saw to no avail.” This applies to much of humanity at present!

From the gift of fire, Prometheus says that man “will learn many arts,” and indeed “fire,” generalized, is the basis of developing technology. With basic wood fire, we could cook food, heat our dwellings, provide light and safety at night, and change some materials, such as hardening some rocks and bending wood by boiling it. A new kind of “fire” opened a whole new domain of potential.

This new form of fire was charcoal, created by burning wood without air, in a pile covered by earth. Charcoal, wood freed of water and impurities, burns hotter than does wood, and is much purer. With charcoal, the first new chemical machine was created: metallurgy, and the Bronze Age was begun. Here you see two stones: one gray and one green. They have some physical differences, but the real importance of this green stone comes only with charcoal. For this example, we are using an acetylene torch rather than charcoal so you can watch the transformation. The gray stone became hot and glowed, but it still remained a rock. The green stone transforms into metal! This is copper. By adding tin to copper, bronze was created. This was a new material that never existed in earth’s crust before human beings made it. Humanity was becoming an increasing geological force, creating new states of existence.

In order to create metals, large amounts of forest were cut down and burned to make charcoal, and one of the first environmental regulations was made several hundred years ago to protect forests from charcoal-burners. But do you know what saved the trees? Coal did! Yes, with the use of coal, higher temperatures and greater energy densities could be acquired much more easily and quickly than with trees, and the fire-powered machine—the steam engine—was born. Remember that Prometheus explains his gift of the knowledge of using animals for labor. Now we can use rocks to do our work! With coal, wood could be saved for use in construction, rather than large-scale burning. And unlike trees, coal can power a factory to save tremendous labor, or transport people and goods by steam-powered trains, letting horses and oxen take a rest from their loads, and allowing laborers to develop more skilled occupations and pursuits.

Later, petroleum was developed as a new source of fire. With the higher energy of petroleum (and its fluid form), the internal combustion engine was possible. Without wings, mankind now had the power required to fly. Distances shrank, time shortened, and humanity became more connected. The discovery of the principles of electromagnetism allowed power to be transmitted by thin wires, rather than mechanical motion, and electric motors dramatically transformed production techniques.

Jumping ahead to the present day, here you see a chart showing the correlation between per capita electricity use and per capita GDP. Although GDP is not an accurate measure of economic wealth creation, this image makes it absolutely clear that a nation without electricity will be poor. While some disgusting people propose “appropriate technologies” for African nations, such as solar panels and small windmills for water pumping, China is investing billions in real infrastructure there!

Back to our train of development: breakthroughs in chemistry allowed for new processes, such as refrigeration and artificial fertilizer production, which discovery alone increased the potential human population on the planet by billions. Petroleum could be transformed into new materials. (Plastics are made from petroleum, in case you didn’t know.)

Just as forests were saved by the development of coal, we must save our petroleum resources from being burned up, by the development of a new, higher form of fire. This is the power of the nucleus. Far more powerful than the ancient machines of the lever and the screw, greater still than the power of chemical changes and combustion, is the potential of the atomic nucleus, the newest form of “fire.”

Although nuclear science began over a hundred years ago with the work of Henri Becquerel and Marie Curie, this domain has neither been adequately explored, nor cultivated. And its remaining mysteries and promise provoke fear in a superstitious and foolish population, rather than marveling at our own might. Why has nuclear power not been developed? And what is it, really?

Radiation was found to be a mysterious new source of power, emanating from certain materials. In addition to the radioactive uranium and thorium known to them, the Curies isolated polonium and radium, which are much more radioactive. Yet, even radium is not very powerful as an energy source by radiation. You would need over 100 kilograms of decaying radium per household to provide the needed power.

Nuclear science provided fire not from radiation, but by the different process of fission, which is the dividing of an atomic nucleus, rather than subtracting small bits of radiation from it. By organizing certain nuclear isotopes, mankind was able to create chain reactions of fissions causing other fissions, allowing for the release of absolutely tremendous, inconceivable amounts of power. (The first atomic scientists considered that the law of conservation of energy was violated by this stunning process.)

On the left, you see a chain of decay from uranium to lead. Each step in the chain happens spontaneously, and releases a small amount of energy. On the right, a neutron coming from the top of the screen hits uranium-235, catalyzing and causing a change, a splitting, a fission. We make this process occur.

Today, a few grams of uranium provide as much power as TONS of coal or barrel upon barrel of oil, and a nuclear economy provides many other benefits as well, such as food irradiation, nuclear medical tests and life-saving scans, and cancer treatments, as well as smoke detectors, which use a small amount of nuclear material for their smoke sensor. Why then, has the use of nuclear power not exploded, allowing us to save our petroleum reserves as a material, rather than a fuel?

The answer is: Zeus. Let’s look at a chart of this process, a chart of power use per person, over the time of the United States. Using a chart for one nation allows for more consistent data, and illustrates an important trend.

There are two immediate observations to make: first of all, per capita energy use increases over time, and, second, the TYPE of energy changes over time, moving to the higher forms of fire we have discussed.

But, look at the time from 1960 to today. We see two changes from the long-term trend: first, that power is no longer increasing, and, second, that the newest form of fire, nuclear, did not become a dominant source. This is unusual. Coal almost completely replaced wood, for example. But this did not happen with nuclear. Why?

False environmentalism, and true colonialism. By and large, developing nations were denied credit and technology to join the nuclear age, despite efforts of US President Eisenhower, for example. The “environmentalist” movement, a ridiculous concoction steered by such as the Nazi Prince Bernhardt and disgusting oligarch Prince Philip, who wants to reduce the world population by billions—environmentalism has declared anything uniquely human to be “unnatural” and was driven to particularly target nuclear power, despite the fact that this remarkably clean power source does not pollute, unlike the coal plants it would replace. Well-funded media campaigns have terrified people about this perfectly natural physical process.

The chart shows where President Kennedy’s administration expected power to be by today, more than double the current level. This has not only been a collapse of the US: worldwide per capita energy use is only around 20-25% that of the US, and the needed increase from a world standpoint is even more dramatic. The implementation of fission, including the thorium cycle much studied by India, is an absolute necessity, without which it will be physically impossible to ensure the dignity of all. But we need more; the time is come for an even higher kind of fire, the overdue fire of nuclear fusion.

Unlike fission, which is the splintering apart of a large nucleus, fusion is the uniting of two small nuclei, which produces more power than fission, and, critically important for us, it produces a different quality of power, especially with the best fusion fuel within our grasp: helium-3.

To explain the importance, let’s look at this chart of several kinds of fusion, and the resulting products. To explain the words here, deuterium and tritium are isotopes of hydrogen, which means that they have one proton (which makes them hydrogen), but deuterium also has one neutron and tritium has two. Chemically, they behave like hydrogen. For example, you can make heavy water with deuterium. Just as two hydrogen atoms bond to form a molecule of hydrogen gas, releasing a small amount of energy, these isotopes can be combined chemically.

Most laboratories study the fusion of deuterium and tritium, where the total of two protons and three neutrons form an alpha particle (two protons and two neutrons) and a single neutron, releasing ten million times more energy than combining those same two atoms chemically. The power is not in the materials, but in the MIND, in our power to bring about new changes in nature.

Now, the neutron produced by this fusion of deuterium and tritium is a big problem, because it cannot be controlled by the electrical and magnetic fields of magnetic or electrostatic confinement experiments. That means that the neutrons go wild, smashing into the walls of the test apparatus, making them hot. Current plans are for using this heat to produce power just like a coal plant, or a current nuclear plant: the heat boils water, which boils to steam and blows through a small windmill to spin a dynamo generator. Very old technology!

This is the beauty of helium-3.

Look at the results of combining helium-3 and deuterium: we have a total of three protons and two neutrons. The products are an alpha particle and a proton, both charged particles, and both capable of being controlled by electromagnetism. This is very important! We can make electricity (the flow of charge) directly from these moving charged particles, doubling efficiency and potentially making power plant construction much, much simpler. The resulting particles could also be steered to create thrust for a fusion-powered rocket. And, a supply of energetic protons could allow us greater control over isotopes.

With helium-3 fusion, we will finally have moved to a new form of fire, one that does not involve heat at all!

What is an isotope? Here you see Mendeleyev’s table of the elements, and here a modern version. There are less than 90 elements found on earth in any appreciable quantity. Yet, we have studied over one hundred elements, by making them. And here you have a table of elements and isotopes. Look at how many there are, over one thousand! While the chemist may not see a difference between two isotopes of tin, nuclear and living processes have different relationships to isotopes.

Now that we are all excited about helium-3, where can we find it? Unfortunately, there is less than a ton on the entire earth! But there are over a million tons of it on the moon! If only we could use it, both there, and bringing it back to earth. Unlike diamonds, which would be a waste of fuel to bring back from the moon, helium-3 is worth far, far more than its weight in gold. This will require a major investment and a significant intention to succeed. And China is making moves in this direction.

Just as the world rejoiced with the landing of Curiosity on Mars, and India’s successful orbiting of the Mars Orbiter Mission, we should all be happy that China has expressed an orientation to lunar exploration, and lunar development, including the helium-3 resources of our neighbor. For example, father of the Chinese lunar program, Ouyang Ziyuan, speaking on the resources of the moon, said:

“Helium-3, an isotope of the element helium, is an ideal fuel for nuclear fusion power, the next generation of nuclear power. It is estimated that reserves of helium-3 across Earth amount to just 15 tons, while 100 tons of helium-3 will be needed each year if nuclear fusion technology is applied to meet global energy demands. The Moon, on the other hand, has reserves estimated at between one and five million tons.”

What will a society developed upon the platform of helium-3 fusion look like?

Such a society would not have concerns about energy (it could even use incandescent light bulbs!) or materials, since the power of a fusion-powered plasma torch would be the ultimate in materials processing. Trash or ore could be vaporized and decomposed into its constituent elements. Even the oceans could be usefully mined for trace minerals dissolved in it. Speaking of oceans, desalination of sea-water to provide fresh water for cities and farms would be within the means of a fusion-economy, allowing mankind greater defense against the uncertainties of nature. New materials, isotopically tuned, could usher in a new generation of advances in materials science. Nuclear medicine could be much improved, with the ability to produce needed radioisotopes on a smaller and more local scale, for use in medical imaging and treatment of disease.

And this power will extend beyond the earth! We must develop a power over the inner solar system as a whole, and fusion can make this possible.

At the Schiller Institute conference held here last April, we discussed the theme of planetary defense, and the potential for an as-yet undiscovered asteroid or comet striking the earth and wiping out an entire nation or even human life in its entirety. Better observatories, including space observatories, are needed to detect asteroids, better information sharing is needed to analyze the data, and, most importantly, we must have the ability to do something about these threats! Otherwise, it would might be impossible to do anything about a recently discovered threat, and we would have the terrible situation of knowing of the coming destruction while being impotent to stop it.

I’ll show two examples to show how inadequate chemical rockets are. The first is a movie of how the NASA MESSENGER mission was sent to study Mercury. MESSENGER was launched in August 2004 for a 2011 insertion into Mercury orbit, taking over six and a half years to arrive, by using six “gravity assists”: one from the Earth, two from Venus, and three from Mercury itself, in addition to five rocket engine firings to change its orbit. In these “gravity assists,” the satellite travels close enough to a planet to get a small tug as it passes by.

Similarly, you see here the ESA Rosetta mission to study a comet. Rosetta was launched in 2004, and will not land on the comet until this November, taking a full decade to fly by the Earth, Mars, Earth again, an asteroid, the Earth yet again, and another asteroid before reaching its target. Just imagine it: It would take ten years to reach a newly discovered dangerous asteroid, we could not do anything about it!

These satellites are like a hot air balloon, relying on air currents to move it to its intended destination in a mostly passive way. In contrast, with fusion power, we could carry enough fuel to have a rocket that can fire its engine continuously, going faster and faster and faster as it travels, able to reach any location in the inner solar system within days or a couple of weeks! If we are to ensure the survival of mankind, we must take this threat seriously, and develop the power, the platform, from which it is a solvable problem.

I mentioned China’s work towards lunar development and helium-3, and I must mention that in addition to getting the helium-3, we also need to work out how to make the fusion happen, since we do not currently know. Fusion experiments continue to surprise us, because we do not yet know everything. On this front, too, China is progressing, with a world-leading superconducting tokomak, and plans to educate 2,000 fusion scientists by 2020. Instead of the suicide pact of the EU and the trans-Atlantic banking system, this is the direction the world must take: to develop as would make Prometheus proud of us!

To do this, we must now look at the act of creating fire: the act of discovery itself. What kind of thinking is required for the scientific advances required for the future?

Mr. LaRouche has identified two triads of thinkers responsible for moving science far forward. The first triad, the creation of modern science, were Filippo Brunelleschi, Nicolaus of Cusa, and Johannes Kepler. Brunelleschi’s discovery that physics, rather than geometry, defined space in the small, and Cusa’s discoveries on the very large—on intelligence itself as existing within the contradictions of pure rationality—these discoveries were unified by Johannes Kepler. Kepler, in his beautiful life and work, sought to know God’s reason for creating the world as He did. Why were there the six planets known to him? Why did they have the orbits they did, rather than others? And what made each one move as it did? Kepler shocked his contemporaries, by bringing earthly physics to bear on solving problems in the heavens, and discovered the sun as the cause of the planets’ motions, and the composer of the system as a system. He did this by demonstrating without a doubt that geometry and mathematics were incapable of explaining the orbit of Mars on their own.

The work of the second of Mr. LaRouche’s two triads has not been completed. This triad consists of Max Planck, whose discovery of the quantum nature of energy shook the concepts at the basis of understanding the very small, of Albert Einstein, who partially implemented Riemann’s program to develop the shape of space-time based on the physical principles that cause it, and of Vladimir Vernadsky, whose fertile mind gave us many tracks of study that have not yet been developed. Most significantly for Lyndon LaRouche’s economics, is Vernadsky’s concept of the Noösphere: the action of thought itself upon the surrounding environment. Mankind is a geological force, and thought is more powerful than, and powerful in a different way than, volcanoes, gravity, magnetism, or light.

In contrast to the method of thought of these great thinkers, Lyndon LaRouche points to the 1905 program by David Hilbert (and Bertrand Russell) to axiomatize mathematics, and science generally, turning all of knowledge into a branch of logic, and killing creativity of anyone foolish enough to adhere to their program. Although Cusa had already proved Russell wrong centuries earlier, Kurt Gödel presented a devastating proof that even if Russell tried to eliminate metaphor and creativity from the universe, the universe begged to differ. No complete system can ever be created.

This supports Bernhard Riemann’s program for science: that the process of discovery is the foundation of science. The authority of science does not lie in having the right answers (since we will never have them. Rather, its authority lies in how it overturns current thoughts by making a new, incommensurable discovery, one that does not fit in the earlier system.

A culture oriented around this identity, as the beautiful music we heard last night should inspire and enable us to do, is the victory we must seek. We must eliminate oligarchy, hunger, poverty, and, crucially, uselessness. The highest duty of society and of nations is to provide an opportunity for their people to make lasting contributions to the future.

Today, the greatest specific platform for such a history-making transformation is a fusion economy based on helium-3. The moon is there as a reminder and a challenge to us to make the next leap.

Thank you.

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